What we know about NATO

KNOWLEDGE, HISTORY, LOCATION, EXPANSION

1. What is NATO?

ANSWER
International Security Organization (Military Political Alliance).

2. What does the abbreviation NATO mean?

ANSWER
North Atlantic Alliance (North Atlantic Treaty Organization).

3. In which US city was NATO formed?

A) Boston;
B) Philadelphia;
C) Chicago;
D) Washington.

ANSWER
D) Washington.

4. When was NATO formed?

A) In April 1969;
B) In April 1929;
C) In April 1949;
D) In April 2019.

ANSWER
C) In April 1949

5. Under what political conditions is NATO formed?

A) After World War I in conditions of political and military instability;
B) In conditions of political and military instability after World War II;
C) In conditions of political instability following the collapse of the communist bloc in central and eastern Europe.

ANSWER
B) In conditions of political and military instability after World War II;

6. Кои биле основните цели на НАТО за време на нејзиното формирање?

A) The end of World War II;
B) Mutual protection (military and political);
C) Culture and science.

ANSWER
B) Mutual protection (military and political).
Later NATO’s goals were extended to all fields of cooperation existing between NATO member states.

7. Which member countries are founders of NATO?

A) West Germany, Italy, USA, Canada, France;
B) Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States;
C) USA, Canada, UK, Germany, Netherlands, Austria, Turkey.

ANSWER
B) Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States;

8. Which countries joined the first since the founding of NATO?

A) Hungary and Czechoslovakia;
B) Sweden and Finland;
C) Turkey and Greece.

ANSWER
C) Turkey and Greece.

9. Which country last joined NATO?

A) Iceland;
B) Romania;
C) Albania;
D) Montenegro.

ANSWER
D) Montenegro.

10. When did the NATO Alliance have its biggest expansion?

А) In 2002;
B) In 2004;
C) In 2006;
D) In 2008.

ANSWER
B) In 2004;
The following seven countries joined the NATO Alliance: Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia.

11. How many stages of enlargement has NATO managed to reach today’s number of members?

А) 5
B) 6
C) 7
D) 8

ANSWER
D) 8
1952, 1955, 1982, 1990, 1999, 2004, 2009, 2017

12. Are only European countries members of NATO?
А) Yes
B) No

ANSWER
B) No
In addition to most European countries, the members of NATO are the United States and Canada, located on the continent of North America and Turkey, which is a Eurasian country.

13. How many countries are members of NATO?

А) 32
B) 29
C) 40
D) 82

ANSWER
B) 29

14. What does the NATO flag look like?

А) The NATO flag has a dark blue base with a white emblem that represents a compass
B) The NATO flag has a dark blue base with white stars in a circle

ANSWER
А) The NATO flag has a dark blue base, with a white emblem representing the arrow of the compass with the four white lines coming out of it. The flag was approved on October 14, 1953.

15. Where is NATO Headquarter located?

А) In Munich;
B) In Paris;
C) In Oslo;
D) In Brussels.

ANSWER
D) In Brussels.

NATO RESPECTS GENDER EQUALITY

16. In organizations such as NATO, only men are always members?

А) Yes
B) No

ANSWER
B) No
NATO is fully committed to involving women in accomplishing their goals, missions, and tasks.

17. In which sectors of NATO are women represented?

А) Only as administrative workers;
B) Only as military personnel;
C) In all NATO sectors.

ANSWER
C) In all NATO sectors.

18. What percentage of women are represented in the NATO armed forces?

А) More than 10 percent;
B) Less than 5 percent;
C) Not represented.

ANSWER
А) More than 10 percent;
The average percentage of women in the armed forces of NATO member states was 10.9% in 2016, with a growing tendency.

19. What percentage of women are represented in other NATO sectors?

А) 10 – 15 percent;
B) 15 – 30 percent;
C) 25 – 40 percent.

ANSWER
C) 25 – 40 percent.
In the various sectors of NATO that do not include the armed forces, the percentage of women represented varies from 25 to 40%, with the tendency, according to NATO programs, to be steadily increasing.

NATO IS NOT ONLY A MILITARY ORGANIZATION

20. Is NATO only a military organization?

А) Yes
B) No

ANSWER
B) No
NATO is a military-political alliance that takes care of the security of its members and the security of the world in general, which acts on the world military-political arena through disarmament agreements, cooperation agreements, and peace agreements.

21. Are all NATO members from the European continent also EU members?

А) Yes
B) No

ANSWER
B) No
Albania, Iceland, Norway, and Turkey are members of NATO, but not of the EU.

22. On how many continents does NATO extent, according to its members?

А) 1
B) 2
C) 3
D) 4

ANSWER
C) 3
Turkey with most of its territory is on the continent of Asia, the United States, and Canada on the continent of North America, and the rest and most of the NATO members are on the continent of Europe.

23. Where are NATO’s main military centers located?

А) United States, Italy, Great Britain, Poland, France;
B) USA, UK, France, Germany, Poland;
C) United States, France, Norway, Turkey, Portugal, Poland;
D) USA, UK, Belgium, Italy, Turkey, Germany, Poland, Greece, Portugal, Norway.

ANSWER
D) USA, UK, Belgium, Italy, Turkey, Germany, Poland, Greece, Portugal, Norway.

24. Does NATO support the mutual cooperation of its members?

А) Yes
B) No

ANSWER
А) Yes
NATO, above all, is an organization that means mutual support and cooperation in the fields of security, economy, law, culture and so on.

25. Does NATO care about science?

А) Yes
B) No

ANSWER
А) Yes
The NATO program titled Science for Peace and Stability (SPS) promotes dialogue and practical cooperation between member states and partner countries based on scientific research, technological innovation, and knowledge sharing.

26. How does NATO take care of education?

А) It does not rely on the already existing education system in Europe, the United States, and Canada;
B) It has a special education system;
C) It relies on the already existing education system in Europe, the United States, and Canada and has its own separate education system.

ANSWER
C) It relies on the already existing education system in Europe, the United States, and Canada and has its own separate education system.
Through member countries it relies on the already existing education system, but also through the NATO School in Oberammergau, Germany, the NATO School of Communication and Information Systems located in Latina, Italy, the NATO Defense College located in Rome, Italy, School for NATO special operations located in Mons, Belgium and others, fully upgrading their needs.

NATO AND THE ENVIRONMENT

27. Does NATO care about the environment?

А) Yes
B) No

ANSWER
А) Yes
NATO recognizes that it faces many environmental challenges. In particular, the Alliance is working to reduce its environmental impacts and responds to the security challenges that arise from it.

28. Како НАТО ја заштитува животната средина ?

А) Through plans and actions;
B) Through financial plans and real actions;
C) Through the resources of the Member States.

ANSWER
B) Through financial plans and real actions;
The Union, for the first time, in 1969, recognized the natural environmental challenges facing the international community and established the Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society (NATO/CCMS). Until its merger with the Peace and Security Science Program in 2006, it has provided a unique forum for NATO and its partner countries to share knowledge and experience on social, health and environmental issues in both the civilian and military sectors. Over the years, the Allied countries have formed several NATO groups to address environmental challenges from different angles.

29. NATO’s current environmental activities include:

А) Protecting the environment, promoting environmental management practices, preparing and responding to natural and human disasters;
B) Finding possible modules related to environmental protection, leaflet printing, youth radio shows, etc.

ANSWER
А) Protecting the environment, promoting environmental management practices, preparing and responding to natural and human disasters;

NATO FROM OTHER PERSPECTIVES

30. How is NATO financed?

А) Each NATO country contributes to the costs;
B) NATO is run by financially richer countries;
C) Through the use of international funds.

ANSWER
a) Each NATO country participates in the costs of running the Alliance.

31. Does NATO contact or cooperate with other organizations in planning its budget?

А) No, because it is a military alliance;
B) Yes, with countries that want to be NATO members;
C) Contact with and cooperate with EU members and major economic partners.

ANSWER
C) Contact with and cooperate with EU members and major economic partners.
The smart defense is financial planning to avoid duplication of costs with the EU and major economic partners. The 23 EU member states are also NATO members.

32. Electronic Warfare (EW) capabilities are a key factor in the protection of military forces and monitoring compliance with international agreements. They are essential to the full range of activities and other tasks undertaken by the Alliance. EW can be used by sea, land, and air. The targets of electronic warfare (EW) are both communication links and radar systems.

How many times, since 1996, has the NATO alliance changed its strategies and plans in order to keep up to date with scientific achievements?

А) Over 5 times;
B) More than 10 times;
C) Over 20 times.

ANSWER
B) More than 10 times;

33. The new era challenges new military or hybrid methods of warfare that have long been used to destabilize opponents. What is new about the new methods are seen in recent years is their speed, their scale, and intensity, facilitated by rapid technological change and global interconnection.

These new methods are:

А) Hybrid wars with no greater purpose;
B) Propaganda, deception, sabotage and other non-military methods.

ANSWER
B) Propaganda, deception, sabotage and other non-military methods
NATO has a strategy for its role in the fight against hybrid warfare and is ready to defend the Alliance and allies from any threat, whether conventional or hybrid.

34. Can NATO or any of its members be the target of cyberattacks?

А) Yes
B) No

ANSWER
А) Yes
NATO as a whole and even NATO members are not left out of the latest kind of cyberattacks.

35. Does NATO invest in cyber defense?

А) Yes
B) No

ANSWER
А) Yes
Cyber-attacks are becoming more common, sophisticated and harmful, making cyber defense a top priority for NATO.

36. Terrorism in all its forms poses a direct threat to the security of the citizens of NATO countries and international stability and prosperity.

How does NATO deal with terrorism?

А) Directly by military confrontation;
B) By raising awareness of the threat, by developing their own capacity to respond and to strengthen engagement with partner countries and other international actors.

ANSWER
B) By raising awareness of the threat, by developing their own capacity to respond and to strengthen engagement with partner countries and other international actors.

37. NATO as a military-political organization participates in the fight against human trafficking?

А) Yes
B) No

ANSWER
А) Yes
The alliance initiated a policy of zero tolerance for human trafficking, which was approved at a June 2004 Istanbul summit.

38. The energy efficiency is important not only for logistics and cost savings but also for the environment.

How does NATO address these issues?

А) By strengthening the strategic awareness of the security implications of energy development, by supporting the protection of critical energy infrastructure, by enhancing energy efficiency in military facilities;
B) Prepares plans to be incorporated into future energy efficiency plans;
C) It does not consider the issue of energy efficiency at all.

ANSWER
А) By strengthening the strategic awareness of the security implications of energy development, by supporting the protection of critical energy infrastructure, by enhancing energy efficiency in military facilities.

39. How old is NATO?

А) 30 years;
B) 45 years;
C) 60 years;
D) 70 years.

ANSWER
D) 70 years.

NATO EMPLOYS AND COOPERATES

40. Does NATO cooperate with other countries and organizations?

А) Yes, with several of its partners and organizations;
B) With over 20 partners and organizations;
C) With over 40 partners and organizations.

ANSWER
C) With over 40 partners and organizations.
As threats like terrorism, piracy and cyberattacks know no bounds, NATO is committed to working with its global partners. To strengthen security and stability NATO works with over 40 partners worldwide, as well as organizations such as the United Nations, the European Union, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the African Union.

41. How do countries of interest become members of the NATO alliance?

А) Through a policy of common interest;
B) Through an “open door” policy;
C) Only through military intervention.

ANSWER
B) Through an “open door” policy;
The “open door” policy is a founding principle of NATO and means that every country in the Euro-Atlantic area is free to join NATO if it is prepared to meet membership standards and obligations. The same policy contributes to the security of the Alliance and shares the values of democracy, reforms and the rule of law.

42. Should young people look forward to NATO prospects?

А) No, because it works with a high degree of security;
B) Yes, because it is not only a military organization but also cooperates with everyone.

ANSWER
B) Yes, because it is not only a military organization but also cooperates with everyone.
NATO is great support for young people, i.e. it offers a perspective for cooperation that can be upgraded, both professionally and educationally.

43. Does NATO employ only people needed for the military?

А) Yes
B) No

ANSWER
B) No
NATO is recruiting motivated civilians who represent the diversity of member states and who can make a difference in the way of multinational functioning.

MANAGEMENT

44. The NATO summit is the organization’s highest meeting.

At what time interval is it held?

А) Once a year;
B) Every two years;
C) At different time intervals.

ANSWER
C) At different time intervals.
The summit is held at key moments in NATO’s development, if necessary.

45. Who makes the key decisions in NATO leadership?

А) The North Atlantic Council;
B) The Council of Generals;
C) The Assembly of Deputies.

ANSWER
А) The North Atlantic Council.
The North Atlantic Council is the main political decision-making body within NATO.

46. The Military Committee is a senior military authority in NATO and the oldest standing NATO body in the North Atlantic Council. The two bodies were formed just months after the Alliance was founded.

Because of its importance, the Military Committee holds meetings on a regular basis and the Defense Ministers meet:

А) Once a year;
B) At least twice a year;
C) Where appropriate.

ANSWER
B) At least twice a year
The military committee, led by its president, meets regularly at the level of permanent military representatives and at least twice a year at the level of defense ministers.

47. The official languages of communication in NATO are:

А) English and French;
B) English, German and Italian;
C) English and German.

ANSWER
А) English and French;

BENEFITS

48. How does NATO approach countries that want to become full members?

А) As to countries that must be assisted;
B) Force them to make decisions that are economically difficult for them;
C) Networks them in NATO programs, with the security in the first place.

ANSWER
C) Networks them in NATO programs, with the security in the first place.

49. Does NATO help the economic stability of the candidate countries for the Alliance membership?

А) NATO is a military-political alliance that cares only for members of the alliance, not for other states.
B) NATO only cares about the military security of the states that want to be members.
C) NATO cares for the states that want to be members, both for security and for overall stability.

ANSWER
C) NATO cares for the states that want to be members, both for security and for overall stability.
Prior to joining NATO, the candidate countries are in constant cooperation and monitoring by the NATO Alliance, which, together with the collective agreements, improves their overall stability.

50. Does NATO assist civilian authorities in member states?

А) It does not help the civilian government, as it is a military-political alliance;
B) Assistс civil authorities as they have a common interest.

ANSWER
B) Assistс civil authorities as they have a common interest.
NATO assists civilian government (governments, local governments, districts, regions …) in moments of common interest and activities (disaster protection exercises, disaster-stricken regions, education, road, and rail infrastructure maintenance …)

51. Does NATO as an organization overcome disputes between member states?

А) Yes
B) No

ANSWER
А) Yes
NATO is resolving disputes between its member states through dialogue.

52. What is the total number of NATO residents?

А) Over 800 million inhabitants;
B) Over 900 million inhabitants;
C) Over one billion inhabitants.

ANSWER
B) Over 900 million inhabitants.

53. The NATO Alliance, with its high professional standards, upgrades its human resources capacity to its needs.

Does NATO, as a community of 29 states, pay attention to:

А) Candidates to be married and have a higher education;
B) To respect the laws and military rules of their home country;
C) Only to high professional standards.

ANSWER
C) Only to high professional standards.
All staff that meets professional standards, regardless of religion, nationality, gender and skin color, work equally well at NATO.

54. Does NATO imply greater security?

А) Yes
B) No

ANSWER
А) Yes
The basic purpose of its existence to date is the freedom and security of its members and world security in general.

55. The NATO Alliance is a structure of 29 countries that are different in their economic, military, political power, as well as in their culture, religion, population.

Are all NATO members (at the summit as the highest body) equal?

А) Older members have more rights.
B) Some countries have voting restrictions.
C) All are equal.

ANSWER
C) All are equal.
Decisions are made by consensus, all members must agree.

56. Whenever NATO is on a mission (outside NATO’s borders), allied states recruit troops and equipment to be placed under a unified NATO command. These are known as “NATO forces”.

Are all members bound to act in NATO missions with binding numbers of people, money, equipment, etc.?

А) Yes, they must participate in the contract, they are obliged.
B) Can be guided by their state interests, not obliged.

ANSWER
B) Can be guided by their state interests, not obliged.

57. The freedom and security of the member states are the basis of the NATO agreement. The things set up in NATO, the freedom and democracy of all members, are the basis for prosperity.

When are all NATO members obligated to act under the agreement?

А) When a NATO member state departs from the agreed;
B) When a NATO member state is hit by a natural disaster (earthquake, flood, wind …);
C) When a NATO member state is militarily attacked or at a security risk.

ANSWER
C) When a NATO member state is militarily attacked or at a security risk.
Naturally, NATO member states help each other in all situations that come with time. However, they are strongly obliged to comply with the NATO agreement when a NATO member state is militarily attacked or at security risk, which is the greatest security link for member states (Article 5 of the Alliance Treaty).

58. In most NATO missions in accordance with NATO policy, only the military part of the mission is taken into account.

Do NATO missions have only a military character?

А) Yes, they are military only;
B) They are not just military in nature.

ANSWER
B) They are not just military in nature.
Some of NATO’s activities and missions in certain crisis areas have a mediating or more conciliatory effect.

59. In carrying out missions (Afghanistan, Kosovo …) in which parts of society do NATO succeed in delivering strong prospective and pro-active initiatives and deliverables?

А) Only in military terms;
B) In law, training, education, transport …

ANSWER
B) In law, training, education, transport …
The mission in Afghanistan alone involved 13,000 participants in the training of future police and security forces. Initiatives for building schools, bridges, ambulances, the rule of law, etc. have also been launched.

NORTH MACEDONIA AND NATO

60. How many years has our country been cooperating with the NATO Alliance?

А) More than 5 years;
B) More than 10 years;
C) More than 20 years.

ANSWER
C) More than 20 years.
In 1995 our country became part of NATO’s Partnership for Peace program.

61. Is NATO present in our neighboring countries?

А) Yes;
B) No;
C) In some of them.

ANSWER
А) Yes.
The NATO Alliance is present in 4 of our 5 neighboring countries: Greece, Bulgaria, and Albania, which are members of NATO, and since 1999 have been pursuing its mission on the territory of the Republic of Kosovo.

62. Did NATO intervene on the territory of the Republic of North Macedonia?

А) Yes, only through technical training;
B) In times of conflict;
C) No.

ANSWER
B) In times of conflict.
NATO intervened in 2001 during the conflict in the then Republic of Macedonia, in order not to get bigger.

63. Does the Republic of North Macedonia aspire to become a full-fledged NATO member?

А) Yes, but with some politic hurdles in a given period;
B) No, there is no aspiration to become a full-fledged NATO member;
C) Yes, it is fully focused on NATO membership.

ANSWER
C) Yes, it is fully focused on NATO membership.
Since the independence of our country Republic of Macedonia (September 8, 1991) to date, regardless of political changes, all holders of power are fully focused on NATO membership.

64. In addition to the Partnership for Peace program, does the Republic of North Macedonia participate in some of the larger or more significant NATO programs?

А) In more significant programs for NATO partners;
B) In several local programs;
C) In some less significant programs.

ANSWER
А) In more significant programs for NATO partners.
In addition to the Partnership for Peace program, our country joined the Membership Action Plan in 1999. In 2005, the country joined the Operational Capabilities Concept. Participation in the Defense Education Reinforcement Program helps to improve education and training, which is necessary for the country’s defense reform efforts. In 2013 the Regional Center for Public Affairs in the country, in Skopje, was recognized as a Partnership Training and Education Center, opening its activities to allies and partners.

65. How NATO fulfill its activities on the territory of the Republic of North Macedonia?

А) Through an open information center;
B) Through the consulate;
C) Through the liaison office.

ANSWER
C) Through the Liaison Office based in Skopje, operating since 1999.

66. Has NATO carried out any activities on the territory of the Republic of North Macedonia?

А) Yes, several educational lectures;
B) Military exercises and education of security personnel in the Republic of North Macedonia;
C) Transport of materials.

ANSWER
B) Military exercises and education of security personnel in the Republic of North Macedonia;
NATO has conducted military exercises and training of security forces on the territory of the Republic of North Macedonia, of a different character on several occasions. Such is the military exercise ” Decisive Strike”, June – July 2019, in which besides our troops, the United States, Bulgaria, Montenegro, Albania and Lithuania also participated.

67. Does the Republic of North Macedonia participate in missions or activities of the NATO Alliance?

А) Yes, only through administrative staff;
B) Yes, through the armies of other countries as assistants;
C) Through administrative and military personnel.

ANSWER
C) Through administrative and military personnel.
The Republic of North Macedonia has participated in various NATO activities and missions through administrative and military personnel. Most notable is our country’s participation in the NATO mission in Afghanistan over a long period.

68. What would be the greatest benefit to the Republic of North Macedonia as a future member of the NATO Alliance?

А) Promotion of our state;
B) State security networking;
C) Concluding cooperation agreements.

ANSWER
B) State security networking
The security networking of the Republic of North Macedonia in the NATO Alliance means the security of the country in the long run.

69. What would be the greatest challenge of the Army of the Republic of North Macedonia?

А) Greater availability of weapons;
B) Promotion of the army;
C) Joint performance of our army with NATO armies.

ANSWER
C) Joint performance of our army with NATO armies.
The greatest challenge of the Army of the Republic of North Macedonia is the joint equal performance with the Army on three continents – the NATO.

70. What are the real benefits of the future membership of the Republic of North Macedonia in NATO?

А) Improving infrastructure, economy, deepening cooperation with NATO members;
B) Greater chance for international cooperation.

ANSWER
А) Improving infrastructure, economy, deepening cooperation with NATO members, as well as the rest of the world.


BONUS QUESTION
71. At what stage of accession is our country in 2019?

А) It is still active in NATO programs;
B) No major changes to the negotiations;
C) Received an invitation to start membership negotiations.

ANSWER
C) Received an invitation to start membership negotiations.
At the Brussels Summit in July 2018, the Allies invited the Republic of North Macedonia to begin NATO accession talks.

LESS KNOWN WORDS

Administration – administration, management, leadership, administrative authority

Aspect – appearance, scenery, viewpoint

Aspiration – desire for something

Alliance – agreement, association, written agreement of union of states

Budget – calculation of income and expenditure of a particular institution, city, state

Climate changes – changes in the atmosphere, changes in the climate of an area, region, and continent

Communist bloc of countries – countries with a one-party communist system of regulation

Compass – a device with a magnetic needle pointing to the sides of the world

Consensus – common decision made by all members or participants, general agreement

Continent – part of the world, a large land area on Earth

Contributes – pays tax, pays its share of expenses

Country — a set of institutions that have the power to create rules governing people in one or more societies

Culture – achievements in society, spiritual life, science, the art of a people or an area

Dialogue – conversation between two people

Economy – the state of a country or region in terms of the production and consumption of goods and services and the supply of money.

Flag – a symbol of a state, people, organization. sports club etc. a wide piece of canvas with a certain color or combination of colors and a generalized sign (usually fixed to a stick or spear)

History – a science that studies, explores the past of a nation, territory or the world in general, local government – authority in a particular territory or place

Local government – authority in the local territory or place

Navy – the name for the type of armed forces intended for military action at sea and inland waters using of ships or other vessels

Pact – treaty of international importance, alliance (often military alliance)

Party – organization of like-minded people, part of a whole, part of a social game, part of a musical work

Partner – game teammate, business associate, business teammate, co-signatory of a deal contract with a common goal

Percent – the hundredth part of a number or a quantity

Recruit – get new supporters for an idea, pushes, hires

Science — a system that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of verifiable explanations and predictions about the universe

Sector – part of a circle, part of a military front, area

Spectrum – a set of multicolored rays

Stage – part of the time, developmental stage, part of a certain distance

Strategy – a science for military skills, way of warfare

Tendency – the aspiration to something, aspiration

Terrorism – terrorism, intimidation ruling, tyranny

Union – a community of different character, sports, legal, military .. working under common rules

WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT NATO?
70 questions and answers on the OCCASION of the 70th anniversary of nato’s founding

Publisher: GAUSS Institute – Bitola

For the publisher: Prof. Dr. Igor Nedelkovski

Author: Aleksandar Veljanoski, History Teacher

Pedagogical Consultant: Vesela Bogdanovik, Class Teacher

Language editing: Ljubica Sevdinska

Reviewers:

Branko Drakalski, retired General, ex military representative of Republic of North Macedonia in NATO

Prof. Dr. Goran Ilik, dean of the Faculty of Law, University “St. Kliment Ohridski” – Bitola